UPSC Mains Daily Answer Writing Practice

Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice Group

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  1.  Lack of an holistic Metropolitan planning in India is already having a significant impact on quality of life in cities. In this context Analyse existing mechanisms for metropolitan planning in India with an emphasis on it’s significance.
  2.  Sustaining the country’s tiger population will, therefore, require a deft balancing of the imperative of conservation with the needs of local people and the demands of infrastructure development. Examine the statement in the context of the recent tiger census.
  3. What do you understand by the concept of first 1,000 days of life . Discuss it’s significance. Add a note on the, extent of community awareness that is required to ensure a safe and healthy 1000 days.
  4. Force of Feminist policy and demand for women led development make women empowerment indispensable part of India’s growth. In this context mention some decentralised models of women empowerment.
  5. “All labour that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence”. – Martin Luther King Examine the statement.
  6. Real democracy is about regular, local-level, mass participation in decision-making, but not periodic elections. Critically Analyse the statement in view of contemporary electoral politics in India.
  7. “Regulatory agencies need to be given full powers over their assets and be made accountable to Parliament”. Analyse in the context of recent attempts to curtail autonomy of regulatory bodies. Suggest some solutions to improve functioning of various regulatory bodies.
  8. Mob lynching has become an epidemic in our society. Suggest some preventive, punitive and remedial measures to combat crime of lynching.
  9. “A country can enjoy freedom only to the degree to which it’s poorest citizen is able to exercise his or her right” – Elabhatt. Analyse in the context of rights based framework in India
  10. Do you agree with the view that morality and business do not go hand in hand ? Substantiate your view with suitable examples.
  11. Gender budgeting and Gender sensitization are essential to ensure Gender justice in its true spirit. Explain.
  12. Discuss in detail various advantages of construction of Farm ponds. What are certain issues associated. Add a note on the concept of Precision Agriculture.
  13. What role can Industry as a sector play in transforming India’s jobless growth to job-rich growth ? Establish the need for a comprehensive industrial policy in india.
  14. The Two biggest sins of Modern democracy are avoidable suffering ( Health Failure) and unattained potential (Education Failure). We have plenty of both. Discuss
  15. Explain what Agriculture Extension services are? Briefly discuss various measures to be taken to strengthen Agriculture Extension support in the country.
  16. The only true antidote to the perversions of politics is more politics and better politics. Not negation of politics.’ – Jayaprakash Narayan. How do you relate this statement to most of the youth of your generation. Suggest some measures to inspire youth of present day to take part in active politics.
  17. America’s retreat strategies from Afghanistan and Vietnam (in past) are similar but different. Analyse.
  18. Explain how logistics sector function. Identify various constraints faced by logistics sector in India. What suitable measures must be taken to bring down logistics costs in India.
  19. The assault on rivers from source to mouth is an important reason for environmental degradation. Explain the concept of Environmental flows. Discuss in detail the need for maintaining Environmental flows.
  20. Justice delayed is Justice denied. How can the efficiency and effectiveness of Fast track courts be improved to ensure timely disposal of cases?
  21. Discuss in detail the significance of Amartyasen’s capability model in framing policies to adress the problem.
  22. “A good government is no substitute for a self government”-        Alfred Tennyson. Substantiate the statement in the context of modern day governments way of functioning.
  23. Explain the concept of sovereignty. Discuss in detail various factors that are responsible for decline of the external sovereignty of the nation states
  24.  What are clean coal technologies. Discuss in detail their significance in bringing down emissions from thermal power plants. Add a note on Integrated gasification combined cycle.
  25. Discuss in detail various benefits of DNA fingerprinting technology. Add a note on some of the concerns of recently introduced DNA law.
  26. India-South Korea relations are yet to reach their full potential despite making significant strides. In this context discuss in detail various synergies and also concerns for establishing formidable relationship between both countries.
  27.  Briefly explain the concept of Gig economy or Free lance economy. What are the factors that are  promoting its rapid development. Add a note on various issues in this new model of employment to various stake holders.
  28.  Hardest thing in democracy is to deal with something now, where the payoff is long term and the price of inaction is decades away. Critically Analyse the statement.
  29. India is fast emerging as a global leader in fight against climate change. Briefly discuss various green economy strategies did India adopt in recent past to make India climate change resilient?
  30.  UNAIDS which provides global leadership and specialised institute must be strengthened rather than attempts to curb it’s mandate. Discuss the need for mending instead of ending UNAIDS.
  31. ‘Centre needs to re-evaluate its spending priorities, and encroach less on states’ space’ to ensure genuine fiscal federalism . In this context discuss the factors responsible for declining fiscal autonomy of the state governments. Add a note on the measures to be taken to strengthen fiscal federalism.
  32. What are reproductive rights. Discuss in detail the significance of strong reproductive rights framework. Add a note on the concept of demographic transition.
  33. What are sovereign bonds. Briefly discuss various advantages and disadvantages of India floating increasing numbers of the sovereign bonds.
  34. Language is an enabler of human progress and happiness, but it can also be a source of conflict and an instrument of oppression. Critically Analyse the statement.
  35. Briefly discuss the significance of an important attribute called ‘equanimity’ to modern day individual. Add a note on the reasons for it’s decline and consequences of such decline.
  36. What is vertical farming? How can it complement traditional  farming systems to ensure food and nutritional security?
  37. Waste water recycling and reuse for non consumptive purposes would be an effective solution to  tackle water crises. Elaborate.
  38. “The institution of Parliament will have to rethink its legislative processes. In the absence of these, Parliament will become a mere rubber stamp for government laws”. Critically Analyse the statement in the context of the recent developments in legislative process in the country.
  39. National Investigation Agency (NIA) Amendment Bill, 2019 is neither sound on the principles of Indian federalism nor on the established principles of criminal law and deserves reconsideration. Critically Analyse the statement.
  40. Critically Analyse the function of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act. Add a note on the measures to be taken to improve it’s efficacy.
  41. Political empowerment is an important tool for gender disparity. In this context Discuss the importance of Political empowerment to women and nation. Suggest way forward.
  42. ‘The Superior man blames himself. The inferior man blames others’. In this context Analyse the importance of responsibility taking to a leader in an organization.
  43. The surrogacy(regulations)Bill that aimed at protecting
  44. women surrogates from exploitation is now curtailing women’s freedom. Critically Analyse the bill and suggest measures to make the bill more inclusive.
  45.  Mob lynching has become an epidemic in our society. Suggest some preventive, punitive and remedial measures to combat crime of lynching.
  46. What are the highlights of Transplantation of Human organs act,1994.  Discuss how greater research and development  in biotechnology and clearing the myths of organ donation could address supply- demand gap of organs.
  47. Suicide doesn’t  end the chances of life getting worse,it eliminates the possibility of it ever getting any better.In the context of increasing rate of suicides in India, suggest psychosocial interventions that effectively solve this problem.
  48. Reducing policy uncertainty is critical for maintaining the country’s attractiveness as an investment decision. What measures can be taken to transform policy paralysis to policies for prosperity.
  49. What role does Indian culture and philosophical heritage play in it’s International relations. Do you think there is a need to improve the ethical content in our diplomacy.
  50. Fiscal deficit reduction alone is not sound economic management, revenue deficit also has to be taken care of. In this context analyse the significance of maintaining a sound revenue budget. Add a note on the concept of effective Revenue Deficit.
  51. Geopolitics alone should not play a role in determining access to technologies which can touch upon the lives of large numbers of people. Discuss in the light of Indian governments dilemma with regards to access to 5G Technology. Add a note on the benefits of the 5G technolgy.
  52.  Real democracy is about regular, local-level, mass participation in decision-making, but not periodic elections. Critically Analyse the statement in view of contemporary electoral politics in India.
  53. BRICS grouping comprising, five emerging countries is now looking for a bigger and different role in global affairs. Examine the potential of this group to emerge as a significant voice on Global stage. Add a note on the possible constraints in this process.
  54.  You are given an opportunity by district collector to lead a team of young volunteers to fight growing obscurantist beliefs and consequential social evils like witchcraft and approach to pseudo religious medicinal practitioners in a remote tribal village of odisha state. How do you tackle this problem with your knowledge as a civil services aspirant.
  55.  There is an increase in number of cases related to faulty medical devices. In this context, discuss how laxity in regulations is responsible for this phenomenon.Add a note on the significance of a vibrant Medical technology industry in the country.
  56. ‘Questions are threats to unaccountable power ‘. Analyse the statement in the context of recent criticism on Government of India that draft amendments to RTI can weaken the said legislation. Add a note on the concept of Social accountability
  57. Fraudulent monetary schemes duping gullible customers still continues to hold a sway not just in rural areas but also in urban areas. Discuss the factors which are emboldening this unscrupulous financial players. Briefly mention what should be done to insulate people from them?
  58. Interstate water disputes became a thorny issue and is vitiating peaceful atmosphere among states. In this context examine the present administrative  structure to handle interstate water disputes in India. Is this sufficient? Suggest some Innovative solutions to address this problem in long run.
  59.  Discuss in detail the mandate of National commission on Minorities. Comment on the recent requests made by certain religious communities for ‘minority status’.Do you think such a demand is justified?
  60.  Data localisation when implemented in totality might be an hindrance to businesses. In this context discuss the pros and cons of data localisation. Suggest a way forward.
  61. Describe salient features of Unlawful Activities (Amendment) bill that was passed recently? Critically analyse the bill through the lens of freedom and federalism.
  62.  Heat wave undoubtedly is a terrifying proof of climate change. Suggest immediate mitigation and adaptation measures to be taken at global and local level to face the heat wave challenge.
  63.  Payment bank services are being rolled back even before they could actually realise their goal of financial inclusion. What are the reasons for unviability of payment banks as an economic model ?
  64.  The goodness of the world in which we live is the accumulated goodness of many small and seemingly inconsequential acts. Analyse the statement in the context of declining generosity among people.
  65. What prospects can National digital health mission offer to the  health industry? Discuss the need for in built safeguards in it to ensure privacy of patients.
  66.  Lack of an holistic Metropolitan planning in India is already having a significant impact on quality of life in cities. In this context Analyse existing mechanisms for metropolitan planning in India with an emphasis on it’s significance.
  67.  Sustaining the country’s tiger population will, therefore, require a deft balancing of the imperative of conservation with the needs of local people and the demands of infrastructure development. Examine the statement in the context of the recent tiger census.
  68.  What do you understand by the concept of first 1,000 days of life . Discuss it’s significance. Add a note on the, extent of community awareness that is required to ensure a safe and healthy 1000 days.
  69.  Force of Feminist policy and demand for women led development make women empowerment indispensable part of India’s growth. In this context mention some decentralised models of women empowerment.
  70.  “All labour that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence”. – Martin Luther King Examine the statement.
  71. Real democracy is about regular, local-level, mass participation in decision-making, but not periodic elections. Critically Analyse the statement in view of contemporary electoral politics in India.
  72. “Regulatory agencies need to be given full powers over their assets and be made accountable to Parliament”. Analyse in the context of recent attempts to curtail autonomy of regulatory bodies. Suggest some solutions to improve functioning of various regulatory bodies.
  73.  Discuss in detail various advantages of construction of Farm ponds. What are certain issues associated. Add a note on the concept of Precision Agriculture.
  74. There seems to be a conspicuous disconnect between Indian developmental assistance to and India’s economic engagement with Africa ‘. Examine the statement with an emphasis on the measures to improve the synergies.
  75.  Financial frauds duping gullible investors are significantly rising in the country. Analyse the reasons for their growth. Discuss in detail salient features of The Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2019.
  76.  Central government has recently proposed to include for consideration under Terms of reference of 15th Finance commission, a dedicated funding mechanism for security and defence. Do you think there is a need for such a funding mechanism. Suggest ways to improve capital expenditure in defense sector.
  77.  “A country can enjoy freedom only to the degree to which it’s poorest citizen is able to exercise his or her right” – Elabhatt. Analyse in the context of rights based framework in India
  78. Do you agree with the view that morality and business do not go hand in hand ? Substantiate your view with suitable examples.
  79. Technological innovations can tackle a wide range of complex social problems if harnessed well. Illustrate with examples. Add a note on the challenges to this process. Explain the concept of Inclusive Innovation.
  80. Though GST today is far better than what it was two years ago, its original goals remain elusive. Critically Analyse the statement. Suggests some measures needed for a course correction.
  81.  A blanket ban will push crypro currency into black market and stifle innovation. Instead a comprehensive regulatory framework allows us to overcome its challenges and helps multiply the applications of block chain technology. Comment.
  82.  Energy saved is energy produced. In this context mention various benefits of adopting energy-efficient solutions. What measures should be taken in various sectors of Economy to bring down energy intensity.
  83.  Gender budgeting and Gender sensitization are essential to ensure Gender justice in its true spirit. Explain.
  84.  What are the key features of Forest Rights Act,2006? Explain why this  social legislation is  a taproot of conservation justice.
  85.  The business of business is business. In this context Analyse What can be the implications of  mandatory CSR regulations on business ecosystem in particular and Indian economy in general ?
  86.  What role can Industry as a sector play in transforming India’s jobless growth to job-rich growth ? Establish the need for a comprehensive industrial policy in india.
  87.  Peace in kashmir valley is one of the biggest internal security threats in contemporary times. Handling the threats to peace here is sui-generis – which requires mending the traditional ways of tackling- from Peace Enforcement to Peace generation. Discuss in detail. Add a note on innovative measures to tackle the situation .
  88.  “The progressive move of having a Motor vehicles amendment passed recently might face certain practical difficulties in implementation ” comment
  89. What role can Industry as a sector play in transforming India’s jobless growth to job-rich growth ? Establish the need for a comprehensive industrial policy in india.
  90.  Explain what Agriculture Extension services are? Briefly discuss various measures to be taken to strengthen Agriculture Extension support in the country.
  91. Affordable housing to all by 2022 is not a new scheme in India to provide affordable housing. What is the significance of this scheme. Examine how the present scheme is an improvement over past schemes for affordable housing.
  92.  Explain how logistics sector function. Identify various constraints faced by logistics sector in India. What suitable measures must be taken to bring down logistics costs in India.
  93.  Briefly explain the concept of Environmental refugees. What is the need for identifying such groups? What measures should be taken to adress the concerns of Environmental refugees.
  94.  The only true antidote to the perversions of politics is more politics and better politics. Not negation of politics.’ – Jayaprakash Narayan. How do you relate this statement to most of the youth of your generation. Suggest some measures to inspire youth of present day to take part in active politics.
  95. Investment is the centre piece of India’s growth strategy. In this context, Establish the need for a strong economic and political overhaul to win investors trust.
  96.  Cooperative and Competitive Federalism can foster an enabling environment for social legislations. Illustrate with examples.
  97.  America’s retreat strategies from Afghanistan and Vietnam (in past) are similar but different. Analyse.
  98.  Discuss in detail the significance of Amartyasen’s capability model in framing policies to adress the problem of inequalities.
  99.  ‘Money won’t create success, freedom to make it will’ – substantiate above statement in the context of Equality of autonomy concept of Amartyasen
  100.  The assault on rivers from source to mouth is an important reason for environmental degradation.Explain the concept of Environmental flows. Discuss in detail the need for maintaining Environmental flows.
  101.  Justice delayed is Justice denied. How can the efficiency and effectiveness of Fast track courts be improved to ensure timely disposal of cases?
  102.  Promoting Public transportation can be panacea for many problems that cities of India face today. Suggest some measures to make public transport attractive to the urban dwellers. Add a note on the concept of Intelligent transport systems.
  103. “A good government is no substitute for a self government”-        Alfred Tennyson. Substantiate the statement in the context of modern day governments way of functioning.
  104.  “Defer not the virtue to another day ; receive her now; at the dying hour, she will be your undying friend.” -TIRUVALLUVAR.
  105. How would you relate above statement to your personal life. Explain with examples.
  106.  What is Monetary policy transmission mechanism? Briefly discuss various factors that can determine the success of this intervention made by central banks.
  107. Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) has to be a continuous process rather than a “one-off” investment action. In this context Discuss various steps that have to be taken up for reviving the health of coastal ecosystem. Add a note on the factors that can contribute to destruction of coastal zone.
  108. Briefly Discuss various factors that have contributed to the decline of maoist influence in recent times. Suggest some measures to consolidate the gains already made.
  109.  Handloom industry has so much potential for generating employment, restoring dignity to manual labour and improving India’s presence as a brand in International fora. In this context Analyse the potential of handloom sector in India. What are various initiatives taken to honour and revive the roots of handloom sector in recent times ?
  110.  ” Never tell people how to do things, tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity”. Discuss the importance of above mentioned statement in enhancing work ethics of an organization.
  111.  Discuss in detail various benefits of all the components of the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) Scheme. Add a note on various concerns and challenges in it’s Implementation.
  112.  Discuss in detail the significance of an important Indian Cultural heritage i.e Indian cuisine. Suggest few measures to ensure that this cultural treasure is effectively exploited for the benefit of the society.
  113.  Strategic mass evacuations of Indian nationals from strife-torn nations have become a recurrent feature necessitating framing of a National Evacuation policy. Analyse.
  114.  What do you understand by the term Corporate corruption. Give some examples of corporate corruption. What are the reasons for high corporate corruption in India. Add a note on the measures taken by Government of India to address corporate corruption.
  115. Doctrine of Trusteeship as propounded by Mahatma Gandhi has become more relevant to modern times characterised by gross income inequalities. Explain
  116.  Bank Nationalisation is a milestone in the path of  India’s economic growth. Explain how Bank Nationalisation eased rural credit and financial inclusion in India.
  117.  Explain the concept of sovereignty. Discuss in detail various factors that are responsible for decline of the external sovereignty of the nation states
  118.  Discuss in detail various concerns associated with Nitrogen  pollution. Suggest some measures to bring down the impact of the agricultural operations on Nitrogen pollution.
  119. Briefly Analyse various concerns surrounding the post retirement appointment of Judges. What suitable measures can be taken to address this problem which has a bearing on the independence of the judiciary.
  120.  Briefly discuss about Toll operate transfer model proposed by National Highway Authority of India along with it’s benefits. Add a note on possible challenges in it’s implementation.
  121. Plastic pollution is emerging as a great menace year after year and is threatening survival of several life forms. Provide an ethical perspective of this significant  anthropogenic problem. What changes would you like to bring in you and your family to adress this problem as a  citizen.
  122. This is high time India should consider rethinking it’s water governance strategies. In this context Discuss in detail what kind of reforms are necessary. Add a note on Composite water management Index of Niti Ayog.
  123.  ‘It is the certainty of punishment rather than its severity which has deterrence in real sense’. Critically Analyse the statement in the context of the recent amendment to Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 prescribing capital punishment.
  124. What are Agrometeorolgical services. What are various advantages of this. Discuss the importance of newly adopted Ensemble prediction systems technology.
  125. What do you understand by the concept of social accountability. Discuss in detail about the ways and means to institutionalise social accountability tools in public service delivery.
  126.  What do you understand by the term beauracratic inertia. What are it’s negative consequences to organisational productivity and public service delivery.Add a note on measures to be taken to adress this phenomenon.
  127.  The rate of Inequality is an imperative to accurately measure the extent of Economic mobility in India. Explain India’s low economic mobility and it’s impact on inequality.
  128. Flooding has become a calendar event in India. Examine the need for a more proactive measures instead of reactive responses.
  129.  Fostering Innovation and leveraging Technology are quintessential for transforming Education. Explain.
  130.  There is a need to adopt a holistic approach for solving any issue rather than in fragments. Analyse in the context of recenly launched Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA).
  131. “Nationalism is a disease, and it can never bring about world unity. We can not attain health through disease, we must first free ourselves from disease”- j.krishna murthy. Critically examine the statements relevance to modern times.
  132.  What is the role of CBI in ensuring the health of Indian economy by tackling Financial crimes. Add a note on measures to improve ‘integrity, efficiency and efficacy of the institution.
  133.  Political democracy cannot last unless there lies at the base of it a  social democracy. In this context explain with examples the idea of Social democracy? Add a note on it’s relevance.
  134.  The ‘Wise -use’ of wetlands enables flood proofing, drought-proofing and Biodiversity -proofing India. Illustrate.
  135.  “Crop insurance is the Mangna Carta of the Indian agriculturists”. In this context, Analyse the need for a strong Agriculture insurance in the country. Discuss various advantages of having a functional crop insurance. Add a note on salient features of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bheema Yojana.
  136.  India has been recently identified as most unsafe place for women.  Identify the cultural factors responsible for this evil trend. What measures must be taken on cultural front by various stakeholders to holistically adress this societal problem.
  137.  Strengthening India’s renewable energy capacity is a prerequisite for Climate Action. What suitable measures can be taken to increase the share of renewable energy in total energy production and consumption as well.
  138. There is a need to look beyond toilets and kick off ODF+ phase, if India wants to sustain all the previous achievements in sanitation and kick start a new Circular Economy model in rural areas. Examine the statement.
  139.  Explain the concept of negative rate policy. Mention the circumstances under which such a policy is invoked. Add a note on it’s advantages and disadvantages.
  140.  Achieving balanced regional development is in Governments agenda right from the time of Independence. In this context Critically analyse how recently launched Transformation of aspirational districts programme is a significant improvement over the previous interventions.
  141.  Briefly Explain the concept of ‘Sentience’. How important this trait is for every individual ? Analyse
  142.  Growing demands for constituting a post of Chief of Defence Staff and creation of  Integrated Theatre command, though vary in their content but actually calls for a greater coordination among tri services.  Discuss in detail.
  143. Development of watershed-based master planning and legislated guidelines for each major river basin are the need of the hour to ensure Disaster resilience and Disaster preparedness in states like Kerala. Analyse
  144.  Identify various sources of Micro plastics and the concerns associated with these harmful compounds to Environment and humanity. Add a note on the concept of Plastispheres.
  145.  Discuss in detail various provisions of Transgender Persons (Protection Of Rights) Bill, Do you think said legislation comprehensively addresses all the concerns of Transgender community in India.
  146.  Mythologies in a society are an attempt to instill cultural values and give a Moral code of conduct and Ethical guidance to it’s people. In this context which mythological character and it’s ethical characteristics inspire you a lot?
  147. What do you understand by the term beauracratic inertia. What are it’s negative consequences to organisational productivity and public service delivery. Add a note on measures to be taken to adress this phenomenon.
  148. “Defer not the virtue to another day ; receive her now; at the dying hour, she will be your undying friend.” -TIRUVALLUVAR.  How would you relate above statement to your personal life.Explain with examples.
  149.  “So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance , i hold every man a traitor who having been educated at their expense pays not the least heed to them”. – Swami Vivekananda . Analyse the statement in the context of growing income inequalities in the society.
  150.  What do you understand by the Concept of “Triple Bottom Line” approach in the context of Corporate social responsibility. Briefly discuss various advantages and disadvantages of this concept .
  151. There has been a raise in the incidence of forest fires all over the country. Identify the reasons for raise of such incidents. Mention few measures to minimise the occurrence of such events in the future.
  152. Q1) Transforming agriculture in the medium to long run requires fundamental reforms in land institutions as well. Analyse. Discuss various benefits of ereforming tenancy laws.
  153. Discuss in detail various initiatives under TB free India campaign, with a special emphasis on the components under National Strategic Plan for TB elimination. Add a note on new medication being launched in the market along with it’s significance.
  154.  Codifying the protection to be given to witnesses, is an essential prerequisite for India’s criminal justice system to function in fair impartial and unbiased manner. Analyse.
  155. Special rights for specific communities and regions enable them to feel a “oneness” in a large country that has so many kinds of differences. Critically Analyse the statement.
  156. ‘Tradition is not to preserve the ashes , but to pass on the fire” – Gustav Mahler. Critically Analyse the statement.
  157.  There is a need to reaffirm the stature and reinforce World Trade Organization (WTO) as a  lynchpin of global trade governance. Comment in the context of recent developments in Global trade scenario.
  158.  Briefly Analyse various constraints of existing Renewable energy generation. Do you think Renewable hybrid energy systems can address the shortcomings of previous generation models ? Add a note on National wind-solar hybrid policy.
  159.  What are clean coal technologies. Discuss in detail. Add a note on Flue Gas desulphurisation technique.
  160. The discourse on mainstreaming women in the police by making policing inclusive, non-discriminatory and efficient in India is need of the hour. Discuss in detail.
  161.  Briefly discuss the significance of an important attribute called ‘equanimity’ to modern day individual. Add a note on the reasons for it’s decline and consequences of such decline.
  162.  Explain the concept of Information asymmetry. Discuss in detail various functions of competition commission of India. Suggest few measures to improve it’s performance in the changing dynamics of market.
  163.  This is high time to identify causes of delays in our justice delivery system and provide meaningful and Innovative solutions. Discuss in detail.
  164.  Briefly Explain the concept of the Land Degradation Neutrality. Suggest some measures to realise this Sustainable development goal component by developing countries like India. Incidents of Man-Animal Conflict are on the rise, this problem can be exacerbated further with recent reports of increase in numbers of Tigers.In this context Analyse the causes of increase and the impact. Suggest Measures to prevent wild life conflict.
  165.  What is ‘practical vedanta’ concept of Swami Vivekananda. Explain it’s relevance to Modern India.
  166. The laws are a codification of custom and religious practices that are rooted in patriarchy. Examine the statement in the context of different legal age for men and women at the time of marriage.
  167. “Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.” Critically Analyse the statement in the context of the recently passed Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act.
  168.  Kerala a state known for it’s exemplary ‘social development indicators’ has got it’s own shortcomings. Discuss in detail.
  169.  Built heritage is a significant public good and has multiple potential benefits when put to proper use. In this context identify the need to protect heritage sites and what measures should be taken to unlock it’s potential.
  170. Q1) Attention needs to be paid to both cyclical and structural dimensions of India’s present economic slowdown. In this context Analyse the factors responsible for cyclical slowdown. Suggest some important structural reforms that India should initiate to address this slowdown.
  171.  What do you understand by the concept of the Care Economy. Discuss various initiatives that India must take to realise the potential of Care Economy.
  172. In times when U.S.A is interested in ‘deglobalisation’ and China is promoting ‘globalisation 2.0 with Chinese characteristics’, it makes sense for India and Russia to increase their areas of cooperation and trade in order to hedge against disruptive forces and make their ties sustainable. Analyse.
  173.  Discuss the impact of Climate change on agriculture. Add a note on the measures to be taken to improve adaptability to climate change.
  174. “Money won’t create success, the freedom to make it will”- Nelson Mandela. Analyse the relevance of the statement to present times.
  175. “Money won’t create success, the freedom to make it will”- Nelson Mandela. Analyse the relevance of the statement to present times.
  176.  Fourteen centuries ago, the Roman Catholic Church listed anger as one of the seven deadly sins alienating man from his higher self. Do you agree with this? What suitable measures should be taken for addressing this emerging social concern.
  177.  Never tell people how to do things , Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity. Explain what lessons on leadership can be learnt from above statement.
  178. “There is a higher court than courts of Justice and that is the court of conscience. It supersedes all other courts”. Interpret the statement in the context of declining individual morals and escalating violence in Indian society.
  179.  There is a strong need for a Conflict De-escalation mechanisms between hostile neighbors to prevent issues snowballing into a major crisis. Discuss in the context of recent standoff between India and Pakistan in the aftermath of pulwama attack.
  180. Initiatives like UNNATEE (Unlocking NATional Energy Efficiency potential) are essential for India to realise the objectives of Intended nationally determined. In this context Discuss the significance of UNNATEE. Suggest some measures to ensure Energy Efficiency in various sectors.
  181.  Briefly Discuss various structural-functional issues plaguing Indian army in recent times. Suggest Measures to Improve the existing scenario.
  182. What do you understand by the concept of Gene silencing. Briefly explain its practical applications in field of Medicine and Agriculture.
  183. Illustrate with examples what ethical concerns might emerge in future with technologies like Artificial intelligence, Internet of things and Autonomous cars. Do you think humanity can overcome this unforeseen problems and emerge stronger?
  184.  Connectivity is the lifeblood of an economy. In this context, discuss the future prospects of the aviation sector in India. Suggest some measures to propel growth of aviation sector.
  185.  Geo-economic and Geo-strategic factors in the current global scenario are a necessary imperative that should propel India in accelerating India-European Union trade relations. Discuss.
  186.  Forest fires impoverish both forest biodiversity capital and capacity of the forests to generate critical forest ecosystem services. Suggest measures to prevent and control forest fires catostrophes.
  187. Define the concept of Environmental Justice. Discuss in detail various dimensions and possibilities that are embedded within the concept of Environmental Justice.
  188.  “No Man is justified in doing evil on the Ground of expedience” – Theodore Roosevelt. Analyse the statement in the context of some policy decisions being taken in the recent times.
  189. Q1) What are Development Banks?How important are they in realising development targets of India. Discuss
  190. What role can newly launched Jal Jeevan Mission can play in enabling Integrated Water Management in India ? Add a note on the concept of the Net Zero buildings.
  191.  Paper is one of the core industries and is linked to the basic human needs. Briefly dicsuss various factors influencing location of the industry. Add a note on the problems and prospects of this industry.
  192. The time has come for India to have its own “Celebrity Employers” and a model of apprenticeship,  one which is dynamic, flexible, futuristic, inclusive, convenient, self-regulated and rooted in Indian socio-cultural and economic realities. Analyse.
  193.  ‘Self-reverence, self-knowledge, self-control; these three alone lead life to sovereign power’. – Alfred Tennyson Analyse the importance of this statement to an individual.
  194.  Fake News on social media if unrestrained, has potentially devastating consequences on the nation. What are the factors that facilitate this phenomenon? Suggest some measures to effectively counter fake news.
  195. It is imperative for India to build intermediate level, unofficial or semi-official institutions for non-partisan deliberation amongst concerned citizens. Examine the statement in the context of failure of democratic platforms both at the top and at lower levels.
  196.  Supreme Court’s observation that ‘Many of the deficiencies in the functioning of the police have arisen largely due to a dose of unhealthy and petty political interference at various levels’. Do you agree with this? Substantiate with arguments.
  197.  Education is a social-human process and, therefore, good education requires high-capacity, engaged teachers. Discuss in detail.
  198.  What are Netiquettes? Explain with examples. What is their importance in this era of growing digital interactions.
  199.  What is the significance of establishing a Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA). Critically Analyse it’s function with respect to taking forward the idea of Afforestation.
  200. What do you understand by the term Principle of self determination. What is its significance in shaping the World Geo politics. Add a critical note on this concept.
  201. “The historical baggage of assured tenure, but without commensurate performance or integrity, has been carried far too long. This largesse has to end”. critically analyse the statement.
  202. Formation of Rurban growth Clusters is essential for real rural transformation. Identify the measures being taken in this regard. Add a note on the benefits of this approach.
  203.  I am devoted to nothing but “truth” and I owe no allegiance to anybody but truth. Explain the significance of the above statement. Discuss with your personal life example , how you tried to uphold above noble ideal..
  204.  India is fast emerging as a Global Climate-change leader. Substantiate.
  205. What are Fintech companies. Briefly discuss various challenges faced by Fintech companies in India. Suggest some measures to facilitate their growth for the benefit of Economy.
  206.  In a Market Economy price caps in open markets are likely to do more harm than good. Analyse the statement , and Illustrate with suitable examples.
  207.  Briefly Discuss various concerns of State Governments with regards to Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS). Add a note some of the measures taken in the recent times to address this concerns.
  208.  Nudge as a public policy tool is becoming increasingly popular in contemporary Governance. Identify the ethical principles embedded in this nobel concept.Explain with examples.
  209.  Hiking of Ethanol procurement price for blending with petrol, offers a win win solution for all the stakeholders. Discuss in detail.
  210. Multipolarity is the new flavour of the season in the 21st century, marking a death blow to globalisation and unipolarity. In this context, Discuss various challenges and opportunities that a country like India should reckon.
  211.  What are the socio-economic factors that are responsible for present status of Malnutrition in India? How should we deal with the devastating consequences of malnutrition on Health and Potential of the society?
  212. Paid News is viciating the electoral process and is weakening the roots of demographic. In this context Analyse the reasons for Increase in paid news. Suggest some measures to address this intractable problem.
  213.  You are given an opportunity by district collector to lead a team of young volunteers to fight growing obscurantist beliefs and consequential social evils like witchcraft and approach to pseudo religious medicinal practitioners in a remote tribal village of odisha state. How do you tackle this problem with your knowledge as a civil services aspirant.
  214.  What do you understand by the concept of screening? What is it’s significance? Add a note on various objectives of Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram.
  215.  What do you understand by the concepts of Interactive learning and adaptive learning.Discuss their importance in the process of learning.
  216. What is Global liveability Index. Discuss the significance of indicators like Global liveability Index in the context of Urbanisation happening at break neck speed.
  217. Subordinate courts perform the most critical judicial functions that affect the life of the common man. In this context Discuss various issues faced by subordinate courts. Suggest some measures to address the same.
  218. “Fortitude is the guard and support of the other virtues.” Analyse the statement and it’s relevance to modern day civil servants.
  219.  Every new technology was supposed to wreck civilization as we knew it, but Artificial Intelligence isn’t just another one. Explain
  220. Discuss in detail the importance of Patient -Doctor trust in effective health care service delivery. What is the effective antidote for growing hostilities against doctor community?
  221.  Discuss in detail various benefits of an effective citizen – administration engagement. What are the key challenges in taking forward this idea. Give some examples of successful engagement of citizens in recent past.
  222.  Co-operation has been accepted as an important medium for regeneration of the country’s socio-economic life. In this context, Discuss the importance of Cooperative sector for India. Suggest some measures to Improve their functioning.
  223.  What do you understand by the concept of Constitutional morality? Explain with examples how this visionary principle is being operationalized in Indian polity ?
  224. In a Market Economy price caps in open markets are likely to do more harm than good. Analyse the statement , and Illustrate with suitable examples.
  225.  Multipolarity is the new flavour of the season in the 21st century, marking a death blow to globalisation and unipolarity. In this context, Discuss various challenges and opportunities that a country like India should reckon.
  226.  What do you understand by the concepts of Interactive learning and adaptive learning.
  227. Discuss their importance in the process of learning. Source:
  228.  What attitudes do you notice towards the transgender people in India? Discuss some steps to facilitate a dignified life for the transgender people.
  229. “All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident”. – Arthur Schopenhauer.
  230. What do you understand by the concept of the Global commons? Discuss various concerns associated in their management. Add a note on the measures to be taken to ensure their effective conservation.
  231. Briefly Discuss the importance of India’s “Look West Policy”. What are the challenges that India might face in this regard.
  232.  Realising the vision of 24×7 power to all by 2019 requires a major change in the current approach. Briefly discuss various constraints faced by power sector in India. Suggest measures to realise above vision.
  233.  Communal riots which are man made disasters are on the raise in various parts of the country. What measures would you take in the immediate after math of a communal event. Add a note on  long term initiatives required to prevent future incidents.
  234.  Distributing the fruits of prosperity achieved through mining to affected people for stable mining atmosphere should be our foremost concern.  In this context identify various measures taken in this regard to enhance the quality of life of people residing in mining affected region.
  235.  Should live-in relationships be regulated by the state? And, if so, to what extent? Discuss in detail.
  236.  What do you understand by the concept of the Global Value chains. Discuss in detail various opportunities and concerns of India becoming a member of Regional comprehensive Economic partnership.
  237.  Without reducing fossil fuel emissions drastically and the Global North paying back its carbon debt there can be little hope of meeting the climate challenge. Analyse
  238.  What is Bio fortification. Discuss it’s Importance in addressing the problem of Malnutrition in the country.
  239.  Refugee crisis is growing at an alarming phase and is predicted to only grow in the future. Analyse reasons for it’s growing trend in an ethical perspective.
  240.  Write a short note on Accessible India campaign launched by Government of India. Briefly Mention various initiatives of Government of India to enhance accessibility to ensure Equality and Inclusiveness? Add a note on the concept of ‘universal design’ for universal social inclusion.
  241. Land degradation neutrality is an effective tool to combat climate change. In this context Discuss how land degradation neutrality will facilitate in achieving goals on food and water security.
  242. Decriminalisation is the first step towards recognition of equal rights, but the two cannot be conflated. In this context do you think the real objective of Navtej Johar judgement of Supreme court has been realised? Add a note on the concept of Gender as a social construct.
  243.  Briefly explain the concept of Corporate social responsibility. Explain why CSR initiative couldn’t meet it’s intended objectives, inspite of legal backing in India. Suggest some measures to Improve Corporate social responsibility.
  244. Anger and intolerance are enemies of correct understanding. Analyse the statement and it’s relevance to Modern day context.
  245.  What role can Livestock sector development play in transforming rural economy of the country? Mention various government initiatives for the growth of livestock sector with a special emphasis on Rashtriya Kamadhenu Ayog.
  246. To change social norms, we need interventions beyond legislation. Critically Analyse the statement in the context of recent interventions made in the country. Add a note on the concept of cognitive bias.
  247.  Climate change financing requires newer, Innovative and practical solutions for it to have a durable impact on the field level. Discuss in detail.
  248.  Explain the concept of Gig economy or free lance economy. What are the factors that are  promoting its rapid development. Add a note on various issues in this new model of employment to various stake holders.
  249. The real tragedy of the poor is the poverty of their aspirations. Suggest some measures to address this Aspirational poverty.
  250.  Write a brief note on recently announced National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI)  programme of Department of Science and Technology (DST). Add a note on it’s positive potential.
  251. Write a brief note on various generations of Bio Fuels. Add a critical note on recently launched National policy on Bio Fuels.
  252. What is Gene Therapy. What are various benefits of this path breaking innovation. Add a note on it’s limitations.
  253.  Briefly describe what Human Genome project is? What are it’s possible benefits to humanity. Add a note on MANAV project of Government of India.
  254. If you do not struggle , then you are a collaborator of injustice. Analyse the statement in the context of the present status of deafening silence of intellectuals against social injustices.
  255. Environmental crimes if not restrained can have devastating consequences on Both Ecology and Economy. In this context what do you understand by the term Environmental crimes. What are the reasons for its enormous rise. Briefly mention few measures to address Environmental crimes.
  256.  “While digital connectivity and literacy have increased over time, these have not adequately translated into digital knowledge of public affairs”. Discuss the reasons for this. Suggest some measures to improve citizens engagement in public affairs.
  257. There must be a fine balance in adoption of non-organic, organic or Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) methods of farming. Critically Analyse the statement.
  258.  State-level finances are just as important as the central government finances for India’s macroeconomic stability and future economic growth. Analyse the statement.
  259.  “There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must take it because conscience tells him it is right. – Martin Luther King Jr. Analyse the importance of the Statement to a civil servant.
  260. Energy diplomacy has an important role in ensuring energy security of India. In this context what are Energy Insecurities and opportunities for India in this arena. Add a note on measures already initiated by India in achieving energy security by energy diplomacy.
  261. Discuss the significance of principles of Self respect movement led by Periyar E.V. Ramasamy.
  262.  National interest tends to triumph, almost all the time, over proclaimed loyalty to a collective identity and this is a stark reality that Nation states must factor in while framing their Foreign policies. Analyse.
  263. Write a brief note on impact of light pollution on various species of plants, animals and humans.
  264.  ‘Justice is a sort of Cooperative venture for mutual advantage’. – John Rawls. Analyse.
  265.  What are Multi modal logistics parks? What are the advantages of developing them? Add a note on the measures taken by Government of India to adress the challenges in the Indian logistics sector.
  266. Discuss in detail various issues surrounding the meat industry. Do you think ‘Clean meat’ has the potential to emerge as an effective alternative to the Animal based Meat industry.
  267.  Non-invasive, large-scale ‘conserve and use’ projects should become part of the water management practices in India. Discuss in detail with a special emphasis on the Forest aquifers and flood plain under ground water.
  268.  What is a Uniform Civil Code?How does the idea of a Uniform Civil Code relate to the fundamental right to religion?
  269.  What do you understand by the concept of the Global commons? Discuss various concerns associated in their management. Add a note on the measures to be taken to ensure their effective conservation.
  270.  Mob lynching and vigilante violence in a socio-political framework is linked to disrespect for an inclusive social order, rising intolerance and growing polarisation. Analyse.Suggest some measures to curb incidents of mob lynching.
  271.  Mention various threats posed by e-waste to environment and human health. What suitable measures can be taken for the safe disposal and to tap the potential of effective e-waste management. Add a note on the concept of Circular Economy.
  272. “Beware of false knowledge; it is more dangerous than ignorance” -George Bernard Shaw. In this context Discuss various harmful consequences of fake news spread on society. Suggest measures to tackle the menace of rising fake news in India? Add a note on the concept of Epistemology.
  273.  There has been a raise in the incidence of forest fires all over the country. Identify the reasons for raise of such incidents. Mention few measures to minimise the occurrence of such events in the future. Add a note on the concept of Ecological deserts.
  274. ‘Laws serve to protect the interests of powerful’.Thrasymachus. Critically examine the statement with contemporary examples.
  275.  Human problems do not come attached to passports and requires significant cooperation of  International community. Analyse the statement in the context of alarming rise of Terrorism and Terror related activities world-wide.
  276. Do you think the ‘Green Bonus’ as demanded by Himalayan states from the Centre considering their contribution in environmental conservation is justified? Add a note on the concept of the Environmental services with illustration.
  277. Reform of the overall architecture of fiscal federalism is immediate need of the hour. In this context discuss various issues in the Centre-State Fiscal relationship. Suggest some measures to improve the same.
  278.  What do you understand by the term Inclusive education. What are the factors that are excluding  persons and children with disabilities and special needs from getting access to inclusive education. Add a note on how can we advance inclusive education.
  279.  Crime and bad lives are the measure of a State’s failure, all crime in the end is the crime of the community.”- H.G. Wells.  Critically Analyse the statement.
  280.  Crime and bad lives are the measure of a State’s failure, all crime in the end is the crime of the community.”- H.G. Wells.  Critically Analyse the statement
  281.  ‘Laws serve to protect the interests of powerful’. Thrasymachus. Critically examine the statement with contemporary examples.
  282.  What do you understand by the concept of the Global commons? Discuss various concerns associated in their management. Add a note on the measures to be taken to ensure their effective conservation.
  283.  ‘Justice is a sort of Cooperative venture for mutual advantage’. – John Rawls. Analyse.
  284. “There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must take it because conscience tells him it is right. – Martin Luther King Jr. Analyse the importance of the Statement to a civil servant.
  285. “Continuing conversation between governments and citizens and among citizens themselves is crucial in a democracy”. In this context Discuss the importance of the Citizen Administration Interface.
  286. “Hardest thing in democracy is to deal with something now, where the payoff is long term and the price of inaction is decades away”. – Barak Obama. Critically Analyse the statement.
  287. Discuss in detail salient features of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY). Critically Analyse the implementation of  scheme.
  288.  What is water stress? How and why does it differ regionally in India ?
  289.  How can the Mountain ecosystem be restored from the negative impacts of development initiatives and tourism.
  290. How is efficient and affordable urban mass transport key to rapid economic development of India.
  291.  Do we have Cultural pockets of small India all over the nation? Elaborate with examples.
  292.  What are the continued challenges for women in India across time and space.
  293. Are we loosing our local Identity for the global identity? Discuss.
  294. “All labour that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence”. – Martin Luther King Examine the statement.
  295. Parliamentary privileges remain an important source of controversy in India. In this context discuss various concerns associated with this concept of Parliamentary privileges. Add a note on the procedure followed to launch a privilege motion.
  296.  Recent constitutional amendment to reform Autonomous district councils in North East India is timely and is the need of the hour. Discuss salient features of these amendments.
  297.  Do you think there is a need to give a status of statutory body to Central bureau of investigation as recommended by parliamentary standing committees recently. What is the need for such a law? What are the benefits of making CBI a statutory body? What are the issues involved in giving  CBI a statutory status.
  298.  Discuss in detail salient features of the National Medical commission bill with an emphasis on the possible benefits. Add a note on various concerns of this legislation.
  299.  Discuss in detail various reasons for the rapid growth of the Paid News phenomenon in India . Suggest some measures to address this problem.
  300. You are water secretary of Government of Andhra pradesh and you are asked to adress a gathering of young IIT professionals in Hyderabad. Dean of the college expressed with you his anguish that youth of present generation are less concerned about society and its resources and they are largely self centric. How would you take this opportunity in motivating youth towards cause of water conservation by giving logical and ethical arguments.
  301. Paid News is viciating the electoral process and is weakening the roots of demographic. In this context Analyse the reasons for Increase in paid news. Suggest some measures to address this intractable problem.
  302.  Unemployment has been at the centre of public debates in India recently. In this context Discuss in detail various factors that has contributed to this phenomenon.
  303. Resorting to arbitrary restrictions, like export controls and stock limits is an inefficient way of addressing the price volatility in Perishable crops. Analyse. Add a note on the objectives of  Operation Greens Programme of Government of India.
  304.  Indian cities should not stop short of providing low income housing but also think seriously about low rental housing in urban areas. Discuss various benefits of this approach. Suggest some measures to bring availability of dwelling units at affordable costs and rents.
  305.  Legislators handle public funds, and there is good reason to keep out those guilty of misusing them. In this context Critically Analyse the efficacy of Representation of the People Act, and it’s amendments.
  306.  ‘The only true antidote to the perversions of politics is more politics and better politics. Not negation of politics.’ – Jayaprakash Narayan. How do you relate this statement to most of the youth of your generation. Suggest some measures to inspire youth of present day to take part in active politics.
  307. Explain the basic principles of citizens charter movement and bring out its importance.
  308. Discuss in detail various problems faced by Cooperative banking sector in India. Suggest some measures to improve their functioning.
  309.  ‘Increasing Indian equity ownership of MNCs would offer diversification benefits and make Indians more prosperous’. Critically Analyse.
  310. Gandhi and his ideas are still needed in our private lives, our societies and our times. In this context how different principles of Mahatma Gandhi might be useful for you when you become a civil servant. Discuss with possible examples.
  311.  It is argued that the strategy of inclusive growth is intended to meet the objectives of inclusiveness and sustainability together. Comment on this statement.
  312.  What are the reformative steps taken by the government to make food grain distribution system more effective?
  313.  The public expenditure management is a challenge to the government of India in the context of budget-making during the post-liberalization period. Clarify it.
  314.  Elaborate on the policy taken by the government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing sector.
  315. ‘Too little cash, too much politics, leave UNESCO fighting for life.’ Discuss the statement in the light of US’ withdrawal and its accusation of the cultural body as being ‘anti-Israel bias’.
  316.  What is an agri-silvi-pastoral system. What are the benefits of  it’s adoption to farmers and environment.
  317.  What is the importance of semiconductor industry to India? What are the challenges faced by this industry? Add a note on the measures taken by Government of India to encourage this industry.
  318. It is estimated by policy experts that “world will have to produce 70% more food and an additional billion tonnes of cereals to keep up with population growth.” In this context critically  examine the need for commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops in food sector.
  319.  ‘The problem is not how to wipe out all differences , but how to unite with all differences intact’. Rabindranath Tagore. What do you understand by the statement. Explain in reference to the contemporary times.
  320. UNSC is gradually losing its legitimacy and is unable to meet its objective of ensuring international peace and security. In this context What role can India play in building consensus among world countries on global issues and enable UNSC as an effective  bulwark for a stable world order?
  321.  A new human capital regime is an immediate necessity with a deep civil services reform for India to reach it’s targets of$10-trillion economy. Discuss in detail.
  322.  What is Graded Response Action Plan. Briefly Analyse the factors responsible for it’s success. Discuss various initiatives that have been undertaken as part of it.
  323. China-India relations transcend the bilateral dimension and assume global and strategic significance. In this context Analyse various synergies and divergent points between both nations specifically at International level.
  324.  “The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don’t do anything about it.” In this context Reason with suitable arguments , if India requires a similar legislation like False claims act of United States of America.
  325. “Ecological concerns always get short shrift in the country’s quest for development”. In this context Discuss in detail the significance of the proposed “green wall of India”.
  326.  Briefly explain the cultural history and trade relations of Coromondal coast with various parts of the world.
  327.  “NREGA wages must be on par with the state minimum wages”. Do you agree with this proposition? Substantiate with arguments.
  328.  ‘To solve the most significant problems of the world, we should focus on action generation’. Examine the relevance of above statement to modern times.
  329.  Explain various ecological concerns associated with Invasive species. Illustrate with examples
  330.  Do you think Privatisation of Indian railways is a necessary evil? Substantiate your view with necessary arguments.
  331.  Finance Bill (Amendment) 2017 aimed to streamline an  tribunals by winding up some Tribunals and merging their functions into other tribunals. In this context examine the need for such an amendment of the Tribunals. Add a note on the concerns with this rationalisation with some examples.
  332. Inspite of it’s significant experience in implementation of Public Private partnership infrastructure projects  and established benefits of its effective implementation, India still could not reap optimal benefits. Identify the factors responsible for this. Discuss briefly what measures can be taken in realizing it’s true potential.
  333. Discuss in detail the significance and constraints of lithium-ion battery industry in India. Add a note on the National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage.
  334. Resorting to arbitrary restrictions, like export controls and stock limits is an inefficient way of addressing the price volatility in Perishable crops. Analyse. Add a note on the objectives of  Operation Greens Programme of Government of India.
  335.  Governance in the age of ArtificiaI intelligence (AI) is more complex and requires durable policy responses in all the relevant sectors. Critically Analyse.
  336.  “By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.” Discuss the significance of above statement with illustrations.
  337.  International Borders must emerge as zones of collaboration and cooperation but not as centres of conflict and consternation. Analyse the statement in the context of recent decision of Government of India to prohibit Cross LoC trade.
  338.  Free and fair conduct of elections also includes mobilising voters based on rational and relevant issues rather than invoking sensational and emotive issues. Discuss in the context of recent attempts made by Political parties to highlight National security and other issues in poll campaign.
  339. India’s keenness to embark on weaponisation and militarisation of outer space may dent India’s image and legacy as a peaceful and responsible nation committed to, peaceful uses of space. Critically Analyse.
  340.  Efforts for Biodiversity and Nature conservation plans must go hand in hand with Climate Change mitigation and adaptation policies. In this context analyse the utility of recently floated Global deal for Nature, initiative driven by scientific community.
  341.  What do you understand by the concept of Sexual and Reproductive Rights of women. Do you think women in India have access to good quality reproductive and sexual health related services. What suitable measures must be taken to generate awareness and enhance quality of services by society.
  342. A robust ‘Incomes and Employment Policy’, supported by an imaginative Industrial Policy, must guide India’s trade policy. Analyse the statement in the context of growing joblessness and income inequalities.
  343. Interactions, Interdependence and Institutionalisation must be the true guiding mantra in attaining Regional economic integration. Analyse the statement in the context of Indian decision to unilaterally suspend cross border LoC trade.
  344.  Briefly analyse the extent and impact of malaria on Indian population. Suggest some measures to address this  important communicable disease. Add a note on Intensified Mission Indradhanush.  What is childhood obesity.
  345. What are the factors responsible for it’s growth. Add a note on various measures to be taken by all stakeholders to address this serious Public health concern
  346.  Malnutrition free India by 2022 is an ambitious target envisaged under National nutrition strategy. How is present programme an improvement over it’s predecessors.
  347. What do you understand by the concept contract farming. What are various benefits of this arrangement. Analyse various issues associated with this model in the light of recent controversy between PepsiCo and contract farmers.
  348. Ambitious schemes like Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana with excessive reliance on private sector health care can deepen already existing health inequities. Critically Analyse the statement.
  349.  What do you understand by the concept of climate resilient agriculture. What is the necessity to adopt such practices. Briefly discuss how Genomics can play an important role in enhancement of resilience.
  350. Innovative ideas and a fundamental change in mindsets to minimise the use of single-use plastic are needed to address the menace of plastic pollution effectively. Discuss in detail.
  351. What do you understand by the concept of the edge computing ? Discuss in detail various applications of this emerging technology.
  352.  Uniform civil code (UCC) is neither desirable nor feasible. Indeed, it is best to enact a UCC in a piecemeal manner. Critically Analyse the statement.
  353.  Incidents of suicide fratricide and declining morale of paramilitary personnel is widely reported . Identify the factors responsible for such phenomenon. Discuss briefly on what should be done to bring back declining morale of such personnel.
  354.  Gandhi’s nonviolent way of life with its appropriate tools, decentralized social order with an economy of permanence that enable an individual to be ecologically symbiotic, with optimisation in all walks of life sounds more pertinent a learning for us today than ever before. Discuss in detail.
  355.  What do you understand by the term Doctrine of Double effect. Illustrate with examples various aspects in it’s application. Add a note on how modern day civil servants face similar dilemmas.
  356.  What are Environmental ethics? Write a brief note on its significance in modern times.
  357. Discuss in detail implementation of Scheduled tribes and other forest dwellers protection of forest rights act above law. Suggest some measures to ensure smooth functioning of the said law.
  358.  Discuss in detail various issues plaguing Telecom sector in India. Add a note on the factors responsible for the present state of affairs.
  359. What do you understand by the concept of the Personalised Medicine. Discuss in detail various benefits of this. Add a note on “IndiGen” project of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
  360.  Energy diplomacy has an important role in ensuring energy security of India. What are the opportunities for India in this arena. Add a note on measures already initiated by India in achieving energy security by energy diplomacy.
  361. What is civility and What does civility have to do with ethics? What ethical dilemmas does incivility present? Illustrate with examples in context of an elected representatives ?
  362.  Housing finance is always a source of concern in India. Identify various factors responsible for inadequate development of housing finance. What should be done to provide a sustained and low cost flow of finances to housing sector.
  363.  What is a Regional comprehensive partnership agreement. What is it’s significance to India.  Briefly mention the concerns in general and India specific concerns of this trade deal.
  364.  Industrial development cannot take place “on the graves of human beings”. Critically Analyse the statement in the context of recent reports of gross violation of Environmental and social concerns of the people.
  365. What is the definition of whistle blowing? What does whistle blowing have to do with ethics? How can government encourage whistle blowing?
  366.  What do you understand by the term Social security or Social protection mechanisms? Establish the rational for its existence in countries like India. Identify the factors that are preventing their effective implementation. Suggest measures to ensure their effective implementation.
  367. Addressing the intractable problem of stubble burning requires a Multi dimensional and Multi sectoral approach. Discuss in detail.
  368. Enhancing credibility of credit rating agencies is quintessential for better financial health of Indian economy. Discuss in detail the importance of a reliable and professional credit rating agencies. Add a note on measures to be taken to improve their functioning.
  369. Define the term Humility in your own words. Briefly discuss it’s significance to modern day civil servants. Illustrate with examples how lack of this attribute can contribute to poor functioning of a civil servant in your own words.
  370. Civil services reforms are long pending in our country, and time has come for adoption of some radical measures. Critically Analyse the statement. Briefly mention what kind of reforms can be taken up in near future.
  371.  Discuss in detail various Issues faced by Civil society organization in India. Suggest some measures to address these concerns.
  372.  Accountability tools such as participatory planning and participatory budgeting can be effective instruments to facilitate citizen engagement in the planning process of government schemes and programmes’ . Discuss in detail with suitable case studies.
  373.  India lags behind in establishing a strong platform for  INTERNET OF THINGS. What are the factors that are preventing India from establishing a vibrant ecosystem for flourishing of this industry. Add a note on the positive potential benefits of this futuristic technology.
  374. BRICS grouping must provide leadership and energy that the global economic order presently needs. In this context Discuss it’s achievements and failures in the past decade.
  375.  What do you understand by the concept of Strategic disinvestment. Discuss in detail various advantages and disadvantages of this.
  376.  What is Critical information infrastructure? What is it’s significance. Discuss in detail various measures taken by Government of India to ensure this.
  377.  Discuss various issues surrounding the demands of ‘Greater Nagalim’. Add a note on the stand of Government of India in this regard, with it’s possible consequences.
  378.  Discuss in detail various benefits of NATGRID project of Government of India. Add a note on it’s concerns.
  379. Electoral finances are one segment which requires immediate reform to bring perceptible changes in Indian political culture. In this context critically analyse measures taken to reform and bring transparency in funding to  political parties in recent times.
  380.  Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act is an attempt to create an exhaustive and comprehensive legislative framework for road safety in India. Analyse
  381.  Discuss the importance of understanding the consequences of Avarice in a modern capitalist acquisitive society. Discuss with examples.
  382. What is the significance of Berlin wall? what are the factors that led to its demolition. Add a note on it’s consequences.
  383. What is Gulf crisis of 1974. What are the factors responsible for this. what are the post effects of this phenomenon.
  384. What do you understand by the term Principle of self determination. What is its significance in shaping the World Geo politics. Add a critical note on this concept.
  385. What is Balfour declaration. What are the factors that contributed to its passage? Add a note on it’s future consequences.
  386. Discuss in detail various consequences of Two-Child policy. Add a note on the concept of Population momentum.
  387.  Discuss in detail the significance of State Finances and  Concerns associated with it in India. Suggest a way forward.
  388.  Briefly Analyse various observations of recently released
  389. NITI Aayog School Education Quality Index report. Add a note on the significance of this initiative.
  390. What do you understand by the concept of Communitarianism. Discuss it’s relevance to contemporary times.
  391.  Assess the Land slide vulnerability and risk in India and add a note on the National disaster management authority guidelines to ameliorate the impact of landslide.
  392. “Informational autocracy is emerging as a major threat to democracy and must be fought tooth and nail”. Critically Examine the statement.
  393. Discuss in detail various provisions of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, with a special emphasis on it’s concerns.
  394. Discuss in detail various factors responsible for decline of active role by students of India in Indian political scenario.
  395. What are fundamental duties? Build a reasoned argument around understanding their relevance in the present times.
  396. What is Inner line permit system ? Do you think such restrictive policies have relevance in modern times, substantiate.
  397.  Discuss in detail the significance of Good governance concepts in the management of Corporate. Add a note on the factors responsible for a perception of declining Corporate governance standards.
  398.  What do you understand by the term Moral Exemplars? Do you think a civil servant must be a moral Exemplar to perform his duties?
  399. Vehicular emissions and impact on ambient air quality is a major public health concern in Indian cities. Briefly discuss various innovative measures needed to address this issue. Analyse the significance of National clean air programme launched by Ministry of Environment in the recent times.
  400. Transparency, accountability and Public interest should remain guiding principles of any institution for it to uphold highest standards of interest. Critically analyse the statement in the context of recent move of Reserve bank of India’s defiance of orders of Supreme Court.
  401.  Chinese shift in strategy to address the criticisms it faced during the initial years of Belt and Road initiative is widely debated and discussed. In this context Analyse it’s strategic and Geopolitical impact on India. Should India reconsider it’s earlier decision to remain outside Belt and road initiative.
  402. People’s submission to some practices like veil or son preference are a product of social confirmity reinforced by socio cultural practices. Suggest measures to bring change in social attitudes of people to counter such regressive practices.
  403. What are various benefits of Small finance banks. Mention various constraints faced by these agencies. Do you think they can emerge as a viable Financial agencies?
  404. Do you think time has come for implementation of a creamy layer concept in all aspects without exception for SCs and STs? Substantiate with suitable arguments.
  405. What is urban warfare in the context of terrorist attacks. What are the difficulties in tackling this newer security threat. What measures should be taken to ensure preparedness for this.
  406.  “As the quality of water changes with the nature of the soil; So will a man’s reason vary with the quality of his friends.” Thiruvalluvar. Critically examine the statement.
  407. What are rare earth elements. Why are they considered important for a nation? Add a note on their distribution in India.
  408. Climate change, it is said would affect the home ranges and long-term survival of several  species. Briefly analyse the impact of this phenomenon along with measures to be taken to adress this disastrous consequence.
  409. Discuss in detail various pros and cons of Citizenship Amendment bill. Do you think it has potential to damage secularism and pluralistic image of the country?
  410. “Citizenship Amendment bill may pass the test of constitutionality and test of legality , but it can never be considered an Ethical piece of legislation”. Critically Analyse the statement.
  411. What is the significance of an
  412. International Financial Services Centres Authority. Mention various benefits of a dedicated legislation on International Financial Services Centres Authority.
  413.  Discuss in detail the need for encouraging seed industry in the country. Do you think recently proposed Seed bill sufficiently addresses all the requirements, for it to have a beneficial impact on all stakeholders.
  414. What do you understand by the concept of Augmented reality. How it can be put to proper use in future for the benefit of society. Explain.
  415.  “When a language dies, a world view dies with it”. Critically Analyse the statement in the context of recent reports of greater numbers of Indian languages being declared as vulnerable.
  416. Discuss in detail the significance of newly introduced Labour Code on Industrial Relations bill. Do you think the bill sufficiently addresses concerns of all stakeholders.
  417.  Internet shut downs in India have now become a common response by the state. Analyse the impacts of this measure and suggest a way forward to minimise these disproportionate responses.
  418.  Discuss in detail various provisions of European Unions Green deal. Briefly Analyse it’s possible impact on climate change.
  419.  Compassion, in which all ethics must take root, can only attain its full breadth and depth if it embraces all living creatures and does not limit itself to mankind. Examine the relevance of this statement in modern times.
  420. What are Digital villages? Discuss in detail various benefits of a digital villages. Add a note on the concept of Digital dividends.
  421. Discuss in detail various concerns associated with locusts invasion. Add a note on measures to be taken to minimize their devastating impact. Discuss in detail various provisions of Atal Bhujal Yojana. Add a note on it’s potential positive impacts on water management in India.
  422. What do you understand by the term Enlightened national interest advanced by present government with respect to its relationship with smaller neighbouring countries. Briefly explain ethical dimensions associated with this concept.
  423. Briefly Analyse various trends in the incidence and prevalence of cancer in India. Add a note on the factors responsible for increasing trends.
  424. Discuss in detail significance of the initiative to launch a Good Governance index. Briefly Analyse  performance of various states in this index.
  425. Growing demands for constituting a post of Chief of Defence Staff and creation of  Integrated Theatre command , though vary in their content but actually calls for a greater coordination among tri services.  Discuss in detail.
  426. What do you understand by the term Organised crime. Mention few names of newer organised crimes. Add a note on security perspective of growing drug menace in the country.
  427. India’s ambitious National Infrastructure Pipeline is an ambitious and much needed initiative. Discuss in detail various issues that can prevent it’s sucess.Suggest a way forward .
  428.  Briefly discuss various concerns flagged by recently reported Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index on India’s performance.
  429. India’s income Inequalities alongside ugly income displays have become a social reality. In this context, Suggest some Innovative solutions to adress this impending social disaster.
  430.  What are Political attitudes? Discuss in detail various Factors that shape political attitude.
  431. Briefly Analyse the changing trends in Indian forest cover as highlighted in recent India State of Forest Report. Add a note on the measures that can be taken to achieve India’s target of 33% Forest cover.
  432.  Discuss in detail the significance of Agricultural insurance in an agrarian economy.Comment on the status of Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana.
  433. In the context of recent reports of Infant deaths in Kota, What do you understand by the term Family participatory care.(FPC) What is the need to popularize this concept in India. Add a note on the salient features of India New Born action plan.
  434.  What do you understand by the term Cultural intelligence. How should we inculcate this values in modern day students and youth.
  435. There is a need for transformational reforms in food and fertiliser subsidy, if India intends to reform it’s Agriculture sector. Examine
  436. Critically Analyse the need for amending the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act 2008.
  437. India’s economic slowdown has become quite evident in the recent times. In this context enumerate various policy and other initiatives that can be taken to stimulate the growth.
  438. What do you understand by the concept of Ethnic conflicts? Discuss in detail various factors responsible for high incidence of ethnic conflicts in North Eastern India.
  439. Discuss in detail various factors responsible for high incidence of corruption in emerging economies like India. Suggest some measures to address Corporate corruption in India.
  440. Democracy and Democratic traditions in India are on a slippery path owning to multiple reasons”. Critically Analyse the statement.
  441. What do you understand by the concept of Social Mobility.
  442. Discuss in detail various factors responsible for determining social mobility in societies witnessing transition.
  443. What do you understand by the Concept of Lifelong learning. Discuss the relevance of this idea in the context of 4th industrial revolution.
  444. What do you understand by the concept of Social Mobility.
  445. Discuss in detail various factors responsible for determining social mobility in societies witnessing transition.
  446. Indian cities should not stop short of providing low income housing but also think seriously about low rental housing in urban areas. Discuss various benefits of this approach. Suggest some measures to bring availability of dwelling units at affordable costs and rents.
  447. Explain the concept of social capital. What is the importance of social capital in India’s pursuit of 5 trillion dollar economy ?
  448.  ‘Food grain management in India is characterized by numerous insufficiencies right from Production, Stocking and Marketing’. Analyse
  449.  Metropolitan areas concentrate and accelerate wealth as these are agglomerations of scale that perform higher-level economic functions. In this context discuss various Governance reforms that are essential to sustain this momentum.
  450. “Social security networks or social safety nets have acquired new relevance and requires new dynamism to accomodate changing trends in society”. Critically Analyse the statement.
  451.  ‘Justice demands not just a set of abstract values, but also an understanding of concrete cause and effect relations’. Examine the statement.
  452. Briefly explain the importance of High value commodities in the context of enhancing agricultural incomes in India. Suggest some measures to improve their share in production.
  453.  What do you understand by the Concept of Middle income trap? What Factors can contribute to this phenomenon in Indian Economy. Suggest some measures to address this.
  454.  There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on Non- Food essential items squeezing their food – budget. Elucidate.
  455.  “We shouldn’t move passively from one disaster to another with lessons unlearnt and acountability unfixed”.  Examine the Statement.
  456.  What do you understand by the Concept of Political Economy. Do you agree with the view that in India Evidence based policy making takes a backseat, whenever political economy asserts it’s role. Discuss
  457.  A rapid, sustainable, and durable, Rural economic transformation is the need of the hour. In this context, Identify various challenges in realisation of this vision.Suggest some Innovative solutions to accomplish intended objectives.
  458. “One of the things I learned when I was negotiating was that until I changed myself, I could not change others”. -Nelson Mandela. Do you think this attribute is relevant for a Civil servant.
  459. Most questions from 2019 CSE Mains paper
  460. And Essays on Every Sunday .

*Some questions might be repeated

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