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PM Gati Shakti – National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity

What is PM Gati Shakti

  • PM Gati Shakti – National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity to economic zones.
  • Gati Shakti — a digital platform — will bring 16 ministries including rail and roadways together for integrated planning and coordinated implementation of infrastructure connectivity projects.
  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) would become the nodal ministry for monitoring and implementation of all infrastructure projects.
  • It will boost infrastructure building by integrating key modes of transportation — road, rail, air, waterways, thereby reducing logistics costs.

issues:

  1. Currently, logistics and supply chain costs account for 12% to 13% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), compared to the global average of 8%.
  2. An excessive dependence on transportation by road and the under-utilisation of waterways, air and rail networks has also ballooned costs for the supply chain industry.
  3. Supply chain inefficiencies add to product costs, and thus, run the risk of making our exports uncompetitive vis-à-vis other international export players.

How Gati Shakti will help: It works on six pillars:

  1. Comprehensiveness: include all the existing and planned initiatives of various Ministries with one centralized portal.
    1. It will resolve issues of disjointed planning, lack of standardisation, issues of clearances and timely creation and optimal utilisation of capacities.
  2. Prioritization: Departments will Prioritize projects through cross–sectoral interactions.
  3. Optimization: helps in selecting the most optimum route in terms of time and cost.
    1. GIS
    2. Multimodality
  4. Synchronization: synchronizing the activities of each department, as well as of different layers of governance.
    1. It will incorporate the infrastructure schemes of various Ministries and State Governments like Bharatmala, Sagarmala, inland waterways, dry/land ports, UDAN etc.
    2. Economic Zones like textile clusters, pharmaceutical clusters, defence corridors, electronic parks, industrial corridors, fishing clusters, agri zones will be covered to improve connectivity & make Indian businesses more competitive.
  5. Analytical: Entire data at one place with GIS based spatial planning and analytical tools
    1. It seeks to use latest technologies like a Geographic Information System base Enterprise Resource Planning with over 200 layers of evidence-based decision making, planning tools for route planning,
    2. dashboard based periodic monitoring and use for latest satellite imagery.
  6. Dynamic: visualize, review and monitor the progress of cross-sectoral projects.
    • will provide the public and business community information regarding the upcoming connectivity projects, other business hubs, industrial areas and surrounding environment.
  • This will enable the investors to plan their businesses at suitable locations leading to enhanced synergies.

Advantages/impact

  • Multiplier effect on the economy
  • virtuous cycle of investments,
  • large employment opportunities, aggregate demand, and thus economic growth.
  • Increase India’s air freight share
  • Gati Shakti could pave the way for a culture of multimodality, where sea, road, rail and air transport modes do not compete with each other, but rather, complement each other.

Conclusion:

  • Gati Shakti will be a National Infrastructure Master Plan for our country which will lay the foundation of holistic infrastructure and will lead to an integrated and holistic pathway to our economy.

Value Addition:

  • The government has set the target to increase the length of NH to 2 lakh km by 2024-25, which was only 91,287 km in 2014-15
  • To accelerate the annual cargo transport by railways to 1,600 million tonnes, which will be 1.5 times more than that of 2014-15. Similarly,
  • The capacity of ports would be increased by 1.7 times to 1,759 MMTPA.
  • The plan is also to extend the power transmission network to 4.54 lakh circuit km by 2024-25 compared to what it was in 2014-15.
  • Focus on increasing the number of operational food parks and agro-processing centres – from barely 2 in 2014-15 to 133 by 2024-25.
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