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  7. [Important] Keywords and Topics In Newspapers [11-05-20]

[Important] Keywords and Topics In Newspapers [11-05-20]

[Important] Keywords and Topics In Newspapers or “Read between the lines” is an initiative by Parivarthan IAS to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation. How to make most of Read between the lines is Explained here , also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the Archives →

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Important Keywords and Topics In Newspapers [11-05-20]

Constitution, Polity & Governance

  • Gram Panchayat -local self government
  • 73rd constitutional amendment
  • National disaster management authority

Society & Social issues

  • Massive online open courses
  • kudumbashree system of Kerala
  • self help groups
  • Misinformation- fake news
  • what is community transmission

International relations and Institutions

  • international court of justice
  • kalapani region –Nepal fixed border principle
  • European union– brexit
  • World Trade organisation
  • World health organisation
  • World Bank
  • IMF
  • UNSC 80
  • G7
  • G20
  • belt and road initiative
  • non aligned movement
  • Indian Chinese troops face off in eastern Ladakh Na kula sector

Economy

  • Bond yields
  • Open market operations
  • Relaxation of labour laws by some states is a biased and short sighted move , it wont help the labourer nor will attract FDI do you agree?

What are Indian labour laws?

  • Labour falls in the Concurrent List and there are many laws enacted by the Centre that a state cannot just brush aside
  • at present 90% of India’s workers are part of the informal economy
  • Estimates vary but there are over 200 state laws and close to 50 central laws. And yet there is no set definition of “labour laws” in the country. Broadly speaking, they can be divided into four categories.
  • The main objectives of the Factories Act, for instance, are to ensure safety measures on factory premises, and promote health and welfare of workers.
  • The Shops and Commercial Establishments Act, on the other hand, aims to regulate hours of work, payment, overtime, weekly day off with pay, other holidays with pay, annual leave, employment of children and young persons, and employment of women.
  • The Minimum Wages Act covers more workers than any other labour legislation.
  • The most contentious labour law, however, is the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 as it relates to terms of service such as layoff, retrenchment, and closure of industrial enterprises and strikes and lockouts.
  • Far from pushing for a greater formalisation of the workforce, this move will in one go turn the existing formal workers into informal workers as they would not get any social security.

violating the fundamental rights of migrant workers ?

  • Article 23 of the Constitution prohibits “forced labour”. The Supreme Court, in PUDR v. Union of India (1982), held that “the word ‘force’ must… be construed to include… force arising from the compulsion of economic circumstances which leaves no choice of alternatives to a person in want and compels him to provide labour or service even though the remuneration received for it is less than the minimum wage.”
  •  It would also run afoul of the International Labour Organization’s ‘Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation, 2017’ which requires states to ensure marginalised groups “freely choose employment” while rebuilding after any disaster.
  • Insolvency bankruptcy code
  • E- National agricultural market
  • Minimum support price
  • Public distribution system
  • PM Jan dhan Yojana
  • 2008 global financial crisis
  • Mutual funds

Science and Technology

  • Convalescent plasma therapy

Elisa test HIV

  • The National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, has developed an immunological assay — enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) — to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus
  • ELISA test is based on detection of antibodies, it can only help in knowing if the person has been previously infected by coronavirus.
  • Since it detects antibodies, even people who have remained symptom-free (asymptomatic) during the entire course of the infection will test positive.
  • While the RT-PCR (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) test, which detects the RNA of the coronavirus, enables detection of current infection, it will not be useful if the testing is carried out days after the infection clears as the virus will no longer be present.
  • However, antibodies developed in response to the coronavirus infection will be present in the blood for a longer duration and hence the ELISA test can help detect past infection.

Geography, ,Environment, Biodiversity and Disaster Management

  • Ministry of environment forest and climate change — Bodies — forest survey of India, national tiger conservation authority, wildlife crime control bureau, Central zoo authority

History, Indian Heritage and Culture

  • Rise of Asia
  • Industrial revolution
  • Colonialism
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • league of nation
  • World war 1
  • United nation
  • Bretton Woods  twins
  • Cold war

Questions

  1. Rising nationalism and protectionist responses will prolong the economic recession into depression sharpening inequalities and polarization critically analyse
  2. Relaxation of labour laws by some states is a biased and short sighted move , it wont help the labourer nor will attract FDI do you agree?

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